Several years ago, the world witnessed the most barbaric, devious, disgusting images and video from a group who calls themselves Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS) – sometimes referred to IS (Islamic State) or ISIL (Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant). This group actually formed prior to several years ago.
Who are they and where did they come from? Who is ISIS, anyway?
In 2003, The United States invaded Iraq (via air and ground) in Gulf War II to finish what they failed to do in 1990 in Gulf War II. Now, the objective in 1990 was not to invade Iraq or topple their leader. It was only to liberate Kuwait who was invaded by Iraq – who at the time had the world’s 4th largest military in the world. After the invasion of Iraq in 2003 and the overthrow of their leader (President Saddam Hussein), the country went into chaos.
Iraq is primarily formed of 3 major people, 1) Arabs -countrywide, 2) Kurds -mostly in the North and 3) Persians – mostly in the South. The country was divided and lead by Hussein. When the country was overthrown in 2003, the United States took over and helped Iraq build a young democracy. When Iraq took back control under their newly formed government, a Congress (in the form of a Parliament) was formed giving equal representation for the Iraqi people. Well, that did not go over well with all Iraqis, particularly the ones who where extremely loyal to Saddam, the Baath party and smaller factions of the Sunni Muslims.
Remnants of the Baath party fled to neighboring Syria and began congregating their method to retake Iraq and beyond. They started plotting for a new movement – a Caliphate. As of 2016, the Caliphate has formed covering beyond Syria and Iraq, into Northern Africa and beyond.
What is their aim? What are they trying to accomplish? What is their purpose? Is it to spread the religion and covert all in their path? Is it terrorism? Is it both?
Some argue they are just that – a group of disgruntled Muslims who are hell bent on converting the entire world population. Others argue they are in part funded and guided by Western factions, namely United States Governmental entities. Why? To continue to destabilize the Middle East. There is strong evidence of both of these views.
Why do they threaten the West and the United States in particular?
It goes back to before World War I. The Middle East was divided into modern-day Arab countries. Borderlines were drawn and nomadic Arabs were forced to live nation-states called Iraq, Syria, Lebanon, Egypt, Saudi Arabia, etc. As part of this arrangement, these Arab countries were promised peace and that European and Western influence (economy, military, etc) would not get in the way of Arab leaders to lead their own respective Countries. Fast-forward 2016, the promise has yet to be fulfilled. In fact, things are worse. Arab Countries are more divided than ever, economies are near non-existent, trade seems to be halted and so on. Most people have emigrated out of these Countries leaving behind the most indigent and reckless to rule the governments. The Caliphate is a promise to take back control of what was promised during World War I. It is ISIS’s pledge to return those Countries to the status quo.
For now, it appears ISIS is here to stay. As they continue to grow and threaten the West, it is cause for concern. With a Presidential Election looming in the West, something continues to brew in the Middle East and it is not the scorching temperatures common in those lands near the equator. It is a war of ideas.
What do you think of these recent developments? Discuss.